Protoform: IA.3 [AN] Postposed emphatic particle

Description: Postposed emphatic particle
Reconstruction: Reconstructs to AN: Austronesian

*6 PAN *qia "exclamation (probably of affirmation or confirmation)" (ACD).

Pollex entries:

Language Reflex Description Source
East Futuna Ia Marque de rappel ou d'insistence (postposée au verbe), liée à l'antéposition de l'agent; exclusivement, uniquement (Mfr)
New Zealand Maori Ia But (post-predicate) (Wms)
Niuafoʔou Ia ...seems to emphasise verbal force of word it follows. (Cct)
Penrhyn Ia Then (postposed) (Sta)
Pukapuka E/ia Narrative marker: so, then (Sby)
Rarotongan Ia So, then, in that case, for that reason (Bse)
Samoan Ia Post-basic particle with emphatic effect (Prt)
Sikaiana Ia Postposed particle...can set off one phrase from another or mark a contrast between two phrases (Dnr)
Takuu Ia Focus marker; phrase marker following the name or pronoun, and marking a contrast between one phrase and another (Mle)
Tikopia Ia Emphatic, specifying or confirming particle (Fth)
Tongan Ia Particle of emphasis or rhythm, usually untranslatable (Cwd)

11 entries found

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