Entries from Churchward 1959 in Pollex-Online

Churchward, C. M. (1959). Tongan Dictionary. London, Oxford University Press.

Language Item Description
Tongan Fesi-ʔi To break (a stick, rod etc.)
Tongan Mutu/kanga Dividing line along the middle of tapa cloth
Tongan Tokoua Brother or sister (without regard to sex or age on either side) Uncertain Semantic Connection
Tongan Meʔakai Food
Tongan Hangee (ko) Be like, resemble Problematic
Tongan Tauhi To tend, look after, take care of...keep safe, preserve...
Tongan Fieinu/a To be thirsty
Tongan Fakaʔofo/ʔofa Lovely (esp. to look at), pretty, charming, beautiful...
Tongan Malele To lean to one side or another, to sway; to cave in to some extent; (of crowd) run across this way or that; (of disease) become less serious
Tongan Tauhoa Two by two, in pairs; opposite one another in pairs (e.g., of two parallel lines of trees or posts)
Tongan Taautaha Personal, individual; one by one, one at a time, one in each place, individually
Tongan Mata/paa Gate, door, or window
Tongan Siʔi Small, little, young (singular); article indicating sympathy etc.
Tongan He haa Why (in what way, or because of what)?
Tongan ʔAlu Go
Tongan Vahavaha (of three or more) To be spaced out, to be well-spaced (in place or time)
Tongan Laumanu Flock of birds
Tongan Faka/te/au To make up to a hundred, to complete a hundred of
Tongan Tuku To lower or let down, or turn down (e.g. a lamp)
Tongan Tuku To hand over, give; to leave behind; permit, allow, let
Tongan Ngahengahe/a To feel weak and nervy, esp. after an illness; to be exhausted or overwrought
Tongan Hua Change from one tack to another
Tongan Toʔu Preposed noun: harvest-time, time or season of tuber digging...the crop itself...time or season when birds or fish etc. are plentiful...
Tongan Tuʔamata, tuʔo/tuʔamata Eyelid, esp. the back or higher part
Tongan Fakaua To repeat, to have or hold a second time
Tongan Hiki To move from one place to another; to die
Tongan Nenu Speak falteringly or hesitantly. Bredouiller (Rch).
Tongan Kupu/ʔi lea Phrase
Tongan Tae Scoop or scrape together
Tongan (ʔ)E Untranslatable particle used before numerals
Tongan Matenga, mateʔanga Source, origin, reason or cause of death
Tongan Aa/ngaki To dry in front of the fire. Raviver (le feu, un malade par la moyen du feu) (Btn).
Tongan Koe/ʔuhi Because; because of, on account of, for the sake of
Tongan ʔUhi/nga Meaning; reason, object, purpose; argument, contention, position, view, attitude
Tongan ʔAo/ʔao/fia Cloudy, more or less covered with clouds
Tongan ʔAu/hani To prune
Tongan ʔAu/hani To prune. Émonder un arbre, couper ses petites branches (Btn).
Tongan Ava/ngi, ava/ki To perforate, make a hole or opening in; to scuttle (a ship); to lift so as to leave a little space underneath
Tongan Viku Wet Problematic
Tongan Funga/ni Top row of flowers on an ornamental girdle; specially tasty thing eaten last; what is better than all the others
Tongan Kitaki To persevere Phonologically Irregular
Tongan Mofisi To send out sparks or spray; (of sparks, spray) to shoot out, fly off; (of beverage etc.) to sparkle, fizz, effervesce; (of tide) begin to come in; (of news) to be heard fragmentarily; to bristle up, show signs of anger Phonologically Irregular
Tongan Mamalu, molu/malu Solemn, impressive, majestic, imposing, stately, dignified, magnificent
Tongan Moʔu- (with -a) Indicates continuation for a long time, or for too long a time
Tongan Olo/olo Uncultivated bushland near the coast. Pente, descent sur le bord de la mer (Btn).
Tongan ʔOpo/tai To be fixed closely and firmly together
Tongan Pa/peva, ta/peva To sprain one's ankle
Tongan Pii/ponu Wet through, saturated Problematic
Tongan Tele/ʔa Valley, gully, dale Problematic
Tongan Touhala To do at the wrong time, etc.