Protoform: KIA.1A [PN] Desiderative verbal particle

Description: Desiderative verbal particle
Reconstruction: Reconstructs to PN: Polynesian

*1 Cf. PPN *ke.
*8 Note. The presence of both *ke and *kia in PUK, SAM, NIU suggests that both may have to be accepted as PN.

Pollex entries:

Language Reflex Description Source
Easter Island Ki May (in front of a verb); forms the imperative for the first person plural (Fts)
Luangiua ʔI/a What for? (Smd)
Mangaia ʔIa Particle (verbal): may...., let us...; (introducing an optative or hortative clause): that, so that Problematic (Sta)
Marquesas ʔIa Particule verbale qui exprime une action souhaitée, un désir. (Dln)
Marquesas Ia Desiderative; punctative [Ua Pou Dialect] (Mtu)
Moriori Ki(h)a Complementizer, subjunctive (Shd)
New Zealand Maori Kia To denote wish, purpose, or effect (Bgs)
Niue Kia Pre-verbal positive imperative (exhortative) subjunctive mood marker (Sph)
Nukumanu Ki So that; marks complements of verbs of command (Trt)
Penrhyn Kia Desirative ; desiderative or subjunctive (Yda)
Pukapuka Kia Let (archaic particle used in old prayers . subjunctive "let" (now archaic) Problematic (Sby)
Rarotongan Kia Particle, essentially optative in meaning (Bse)
Samoan ʔIa Pre-basic particle with optative function (i.e. serving to indicate a command, wish, purpose, etc. . Sign of the subjunctive (Prt)
Sikaiana Ki A conjunction showing that there is purpose; tense-aspect marker showing purpose or compulsion (Dnr)
Tahitian ʔIa Devant une forme verbale: exprime un souhait ou un désir. (Lmt)
Takuu Ki In order to, to; indicates a recommended or expected course of action: should (Mle)
Tikopia Ki Conjunction, that (Drd)

17 entries found

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