Protoform: MA-KAKA [PN] Stiff, hard; obstinate, vigorous

Description: Stiff, hard; obstinate, vigorous
Reconstruction: Reconstructs to PN: Polynesian

*1 Cf. PN *ma-keke "strong", *pakaka "stiff"

Pollex entries:

Language Reflex Description Source
East Uvea Makaka Raide (à force d'être sec) (Rch)
Hawaiian ʔAʔa Brave, dare, venture, challenge, defy etc. (Pki)
Kapingamarangi Magaga Stiff (e.g. muscular soreness, stiffness) (Lbr)
Luangiua Maʔa Hard (Smd)
Marquesas Makaka (MQN), maʔaʔa (MQS). Maakaka (Mtu). Méchant, mauvais, scélérat, pervers; maltraiter, nuire, offenser, injurier. "Womaniser"; mistreat, do evil (Mtu). Uncertain Semantic Connection (Lch)
Marquesas Kaka Marque le superlatif: très, le plus (Lch)
Marquesas Makákka Affronting, troublesome, vexatious, provoking (Crk)
New Zealand Maori Makaka Crooked, bent; curly, of hair (Wms)
New Zealand Maori Maakaka A rite to make a human body *tapu*, to prevent it being eaten Uncertain Semantic Connection (Wms)
Niue Makaka Firm-footed (in climbing etc.) ; proficient, expert, Skilful, good at something (Sph). (McE)
Nuguria Maakaka Hard (not soft), strong (Dvl)
Nukuoro Maagaga Industrious (Crl)
Nukuoro Makaga Hard (solid) (Crl)
Nukuoro Magakaga Firmly attached (Crl)
Rennellese Maakaka Strong, vigorous (Ebt)
Samoan Maʔaʔa Hard to break; tense, stiff; obstinate (Prt)
Sikaiana Makka Tight, taut, strained (as a fishing line that is being pulled in) (Dnr)
Tahitian ʔAʔa Batailleur, taquin; provoquer, taquiner (Lmt)
Tahitian Aa A provocation, insult, jeer, taunt; to provoke, banter, insult; jocular, given to jest (Dvs)
Takuu Makkaa (of a rope) Taut; (of a person) strong, healthy (Mle)
Tokelau Makaka (Of leaves, twigs etc.) very dry (and brittle), parched; obstinate, stubborn (Sma)
Tongan Makaka Somewhat stiff; rough in speech or behaviour (Cwd)
Tuamotu Makaka Cracked, flaked, warped, twisted Problematic (Stn)
Vaeakau-Taumako Hua/kaka Try hard (Hnh)

24 entries found

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