Protoform: E.3 [PN] Vocative particle (pre- or postposed): *e(e)

Description: Vocative particle (pre- or postposed): *e(e)
Reconstruction: Reconstructs to PN: Polynesian

Pollex entries:

Language Reflex Description Source
East Futuna Ee Oh! toi! (vocatif) (Mfr)
Easter Island Interj. de vocativo, a la cual se le intercala el substantivo (Fts)
Fijian E A vocative particle sometimes used to reinforce a call to a person (Cpl)
Hawaiian E Vocative particle; a second ee often follows the head word for emphasis (Pki)
Marquesas E Marque du vocatif...quelquefois on met un e avant le substantif et un après! (Dln)
New Zealand Maori E Vocative...often used after, as well as before a name; calling attention, or expressing surprise (Wms)
Niue Ee Vocative particle: o, oh, behold... (Sph)
Niue Naa ee Postposed vocative: O! (McE)
Nukuoro Ee Vocative particle (Crl)
Penrhyn Ee Hey! (usually used before a name with vocative force) (Sta)
Pukapuka Vocative particle, preceding and sometimes following a name (Sby)
Raʔivavae E Expletive particle which personalizes or personifies the substantive affected (Stn)
Rarotongan E(e) Vocative, before the noun (Bse)
Rarotongan E(e) Exclamatory, after the noun; in admiration; often used with [preposed] e(e) as a more polite or formal way of calling or addressing someone (Bse)
Rennellese Eee(e) Exclamation, as at the beginning of formal greetings and in rituals (Ebt)
Samoan -e Vocative particle used after names and certain other words when calling, addressing, or talking to people (Mnr)
Samoan E A call to gain attention (Prt)
Tahitian E A sign of the vocative case, being generally placed both before and after the noun... (Dvs)
Takuu E(e) Vocative; use mostly limited to song lyrics... (Mle)
Tikopia E Particle of address, suffixed or immediately following name or title (Fth)
Tongan ʔE Sign of the vocative (Cwd)
Tongan Ee Interjection, used in calling, like 'hey' or untranslatable (Cwd)
Tuamotu E(e) Vocative particle, phrase initial, pre-substantive; phrase or clause terminal, appears to be related to the distance between the speaker and the one addressed... (Stn)
Tuvalu E Hey there! Marker used before or after a name to attract attention (Jsn)
West Futuna E Vocative particle before the noun (Cpl)

25 entries found

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