Protoform: MAQOHA [AN] Cooked

Description: Cooked
Reconstruction: Reconstructs to AN: Austronesian

*1 Cf. *moso.2 "cooked".
*4 POC *ma-osak "ready to be eaten (because ripe or cooked) (LPO I:157).
*6 PMP *ma-qesak "ripe, cooked, ready to eat" (ACD).
*6 PAN *qesak "ripe, cooked, ready to eat" (ACD).
*8 The *-h- is reconstructed for PPN on the basis of the above antecedents, though it has been regularly lost in all reflexes since PN *h > NP *Ø.
Reflexes of *maqoha are in almost perfect complementary distribution with those of *moso.
PUK /maaoa/ is presumed to be borrowed from a Tahitic language.
The original a-o-a sequence is retained only in EAS and Tahitic. Thus the simplification
*maoa > *moa must have happened two or three times -- in Marquesic, northern Outliers and southern Outliers (MFA, WFU).

Pollex entries:

Language Reflex Description Source
Bugotu Ma/moha Cooked (Ivs)
Easter Island Maʔoa Uncover earth oven (Fts)
Hawaiian Moʔa Cooked Phonologically Irregular (Pki)
Ifira-Mele Moa Cooked (Bgs)
Kapingamarangi M/moo Cooked (of food) (Lbr)
Luangiua Aleve haa/mao Cooked coconut drink Phonologically Irregular (Smd)
Luangiua Moa [cooked] (Sar)
Mangareva Moa Etre cuite (nourriture) (Rch)
Mangareva Pa/moa Griller, brasiller, faire cuire sur un feu de bois (Rch)
Marquesas Moa Cuit (Dln)
Marquesas Móà To dress food thoroughly, especially in the oven (Crk)
Moriori Mo(o)uu Cooked Phonologically Irregular (Shd)
New Zealand Maori Maoa Cooked (Wms)
Nggela M/moha Cooked (Fox)
Nguna Maaso Cooked (Stz)
Nuguria Moa Cooked (Dvl)
Nukuoro M/moa Cooked (Crl)
Penrhyn Maoa Cooked (Sta)
Pukapuka Maaoa Well cooked (Sby)
Rarotongan Maoa Fully cooked (Bse)
Rotuman Ma/mosa Well-cooked (Cwd)
Samoan Maaoa Dense, of the bush beyond the cultivated land Uncertain Semantic Connection (Prt)
Sikaiana Moa (pl. mmoa) Cooked (Dnr)
Tahitian Maoa To be sufficiently baked, applied to food; ripe, applied to breadfruit (Lmt)
Tahitian Maoa Mur (se dit du fruit à pain), entre les stades de maturité pii et pee (Lmt)
Tahitian Maoa To be sufficiently baked, applied to food (Dvs)
Takuu Moa (of food) Sufficiently cooked, done (Mle)
Tuamotu Maaoa Heartburn Problematic (Stn)
West Futuna Moa Cooked, done (Dty)

29 entries found

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