Protoform: AFAA [MP] Storm, hurricane

Description: Storm, hurricane
Reconstruction: Reconstructs to MP: Malayo-Polynesian

*3 PEO *yavara (Gty. 1983), *yavaRat "storm" (Gty:1990:81).
*4 POC *apaRat "northwest wind; wet season when northwesterlies blow and sea is rough" (LPO II:129,259,307).
*5 PMP *habaRat "southwest monsoon" (ACD).
*6 PAN *SabaRat "south wind (?)" (ACD).
*8 Note: MAO, RAR and TUA are the only EP languages with putative reflexes and all are suspect. The word first appeared in 2nd ed. of Williams's Maori Dictionary WD2 ...wha "a gale; rain without wind (E.C.)", WD3 awhaa "Ka
ua te awha", WD4 aawhaa. Only example given "ka ua te awha" said to mean "the rain rains". No other early Maori examples discovered, but the word occurs in at least one Maori hymn of which Mick Jones said "I've always wondered what that word meant.
The TUA word has the note [? _ faa (iv)]. It is the wrong shape -- should be ahaa not aafaa -- and the meaning is astray. For RAR (Sve.) has aa "a heavy gale accompanied by rain". The word is not in (Bse.), but (Mka.) remembers his father talking of `aa
`aa matangi with reference to bad weather.

Pollex entries:

Language Reflex Description Source
Anuta Apaa Storm, big wind (Yen)
East Futuna Afaa Storm, hurricane (Mfr)
East Uvea Afaa Storm, hurricane (Rch)
Emae Afaa Hurricane (Cpl)
Fijian C/avaa/ Storm, hurricane (Cpl)
New Zealand Maori Aawhaa Storm, hurricane Problematic (Wms)
Niuafoʔou Afaa Hurricane (Tmo)
Niue Afaa Storm, hurricane, gale (McE)
Rarotongan Aa Storm, hurricane Problematic (Sve)
Rarotongan ʔAaʔaa matagi Meaning uncertain, but referred to bad weather(Mka.) Problematic (Bse)
Rennellese Ahaa Storm, hurricane (Ebt)
Samoan Afaa Storm, hurricane (Prt)
Sikaiana Ahaa Storm, hurricane (Dnr)
Tikopia Afaa Storm, hurricane, tropical cyclone (Fth)
Tokelau Afaa Storm, hurricane (Sma)
Tongan Afaa Storm, hurricane (Cwd)
Tongan Afá A hurricane, a storm; boisterous weather (Mar)
Tuamotu Aafaa Break forth violently (as a storm) Problematic (Stn)
Tuvalu Afaa Storm, typhoon, hurricane, cyclone (Rby)
Waya Cavaa A storm, a gale accompanied by rain (Ply)
West Futuna Afa Gale, storm winds, hurricane winds (Dty)
West Uvea Afaa Tempête, cyclone (Hmn)

22 entries found

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