Protoform: PONO.1 [MP] Block up, close

Description: Block up, close
Reconstruction: Reconstructs to MP: Malayo-Polynesian

*0 >> PN *ta-pono "closed"
*1 Cf. PN *fono.1a
*4 POC *pono(d), mpono(d) "shut, plug or stop up" (Bst. 1978).
*5 PMP *pened "einzwangen, verstopfen" (Dpf. 1938).
*7 PBN *ponot-i "to close" (Lvy. 1979). PWMP *benben "block, obstruct" (ACD).

Pollex entries:

Language Reflex Description Source
East Futuna Ta/pono/ Close, block up (Mfr)
Emae Pono/ponotia Mend (Cpl)
Emae Po/pono/ Lid, cap (on bottle) (Cpl)
Fijian Bono Block up, dam up (Cpl)
Ifira-Mele Pon/jia Block up, close (door) (Clk)
Kapingamarangi Pono To close, to plug up (e.g. a hole) (Lbr)
Kapingamarangi Pono Cover, as a tight lid or top; shut off, as the passage between two reef islets; top, as on a bottle (Ebt)
Kapingamarangi Bono/dia Obstructed, plugged up (Lbr)
Lau Bo/bono/ Closed, stopped up (Ivs)
Luangiua Poŋo Stopper; to put, to place (Smd)
Luangiua Poŋo Stopper (Hbn)
Luangiua Pomo Plug, cork Phonologically Irregular (Smd)
Mangareva Po/pono Prime au silence; donner de l'argent ou un cadeau à quelqu'un pour acheter son silence (Rch)
Manihiki-Rakahanga Pono Wooden chock in house construction (Bck)
Nggela Pono Shut in (Fox)
Niue Pono/ti To stop up, cork, close, caulk, cover (Sph)
Nuguria Ponotau Kiste, europäisch (Ths)
Nuguria P/pono Put (inside), fit something into a hole; close (a coconut shell container with a lid); stopper (for coconut shell containers, made of pandanus leaves) (Dvl)
Nukumanu P/pono (pass. ponotia) Put in (Trt)
Nukuoro Bono Close, block (Crl)
Rennellese Po/pono/ Cover, as with hands (Ebt)
Saʔa Po(no)(pono) Closed, stuffed up (Ivs)
Sikaiana P/pono Put inside a container, cover a bottle top, patch a leak; put in jail; bottle cap (Dnr)
Takuu P/pono Enter a reef passage, pass between (e.g. two people), insert (specifically place in a hole or into a sealed/sealable container); lid, stopper, cork (Mle)
Takuu Pon/tau Large log on which mahaurani spirits drifted to Takuu, allegedly from Kiribati, in the mythical era Problematic (Mle)
Tikopia Pono To close (e.g. a door) (Fth)
Tokelau Pono Block up, close up (Sma)
Tongan Pono/i (of wind) Be adverse (Cwd)
Tuvalu Pono Plug a leak, caulk; close a door, lid, mouth (Rby)
Vaeakau-Taumako Pono To set bounds (Ray)
Vaeakau-Taumako Phono Cover, lid (of pot); cover (vi) (Hvn)
Vaeakau-Taumako Pno/hia to pagaiu Close upper lip over nostrils while diving (Lch)
Waya Bono Be patched, stopped up, repaired (Ply)
West Futuna Pono A cover, lid; closed up, blocked off. Penis sheath (nambas) (Cpl) (Dty)

34 entries found

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