Protoform: PAPA.1B [PN] Flat hard surface; flat, level (adj).

Description: Flat hard surface; flat, level (adj).
Reconstruction: Reconstructs to PN: Polynesian

Pollex entries:

Language Reflex Description Source
Anuta Papa Any hard, flat surface, e.g. the top of a plank (Fbg)
East Uvea Papa Etre plat, sans bosse (Rch)
Easter Island Papa Flat stone; shelf in the bottom of the sea (Fts)
Hawaiian Papa Flat hard surface (Pki)
Luangiua Papa Earth (as opposed to sky); flat expanse (Hbn)
Mangareva Paapaa Roches plates sous terre ou en mer sensés très étendues; assises de *verota* [granit]; fondation (Rch)
Mangareva Papa/papa Bas, qui a peu d'élévation; abaissé, humilié (Rch)
Mangareva Papa Bassin, hanche; pelvis, hip (Chf)
Manihiki-Rakahanga Papa Rock; lower stratum; floor. The raised wall of dead coral (round coral islands) (Sve). (Bck)
Marquesas Papa Flat surface (i). Plate-forme, pont, étage, étagère; assiette, plat (Lch). Platin coralien; flat part of the reef (Atl). Flat, level (Crk). (Dln)
Marquesas Papa/keʔa Ferme, solide, résistant (Lch)
Marquesas Páppa Flat, level (Crk)
Moriori Papa Foundation. Bottom (of canoe); earth; trail (Bke)
New Zealand Maori Papa Anything broad, flat and hard; flat rock, slab (Wms)
Niue Papa To sit (on the flat ground); floor-mat (made from wide, unsplit pandanus leaves)l solid (with a flat base); to be hit flat, to be hit full square (completely, absolutely, exactly) (Sph)
Nuguria Papa Flat and hard rock in the sea (Dvl)
Nukuoro Baba Level (not bumpy), any sort of flat base, the consolidated reef under water or sand; the back of a human; the shell of a turtle, crab, etc. (Crl)
Nukuoro Pa/papa Flat (Crn)
Nukuoro Papa/papa Low (Crn)
Penrhyn Papa Flat; appeased, subsided; tidy, well combed; to list up; layered coral rocks; flat stone structure... (Sta)
Penrhyn Paapaa Flat, wide (Sta)
Pukapuka Papa Hard bedrock that rises above water at certain times (Mta)
Rarotongan Papa Flat hard surface (Bse)
Samoan Papa Flat (board, rock, etc.) (Prt)
Sikaiana Papa Big flat rocks found in the reef (Dnr)
Sikaiana Paapaa Very flat (Sps)
Tahitian Papa Roche corallienne en plaque; omoplate; bassin, hanche. A flat stone; a rock, a stratum of rock (Dvs). (Lmt)
Takuu Ppaa Flat surface, floor of a house, flat rock, reef flat (Mle)
Takuu Ppaa Part of loom: cloth-beam; scraping-board (Hwd)
Tikopia Papa Flat; flat surface of various kinds (plank, sky, earth, bottom of sea) (Fth)
Tokelau Papa Flat (Sma)
Tongan Papa Flat hard surface (Cwd)
Tuamotu Papa Flat ledge of rock (Stn)
Tupuaki Papa/hia Utensil on which poi is made (Atn)
Tuvalu Papa Flat rock, flat part of reef (Rby)
Vaeakau-Taumako (Pa)paa District, village part, land belonging to a clan Uncertain Semantic Connection (Hvn)
Vaeakau-Taumako Paa/papa Base volcanic rock (Grn)
West Futuna Papa Broad mushroom-like coral formation, star coral; grater (Dty)

38 entries found

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