Protoform: HAKE.B [OC] Upwards (post-verbal particle)

Description: Upwards (post-verbal particle)
Reconstruction: Reconstructs to OC: Oceanic

*1 Cf. PN *sake "move in an upwards direction", *sa-sake "east"
*4 POC *sake "rise, go up, upwards" (LPO II:174,263); "go southeast" (Dpf. 1938) (LPO II:265).
*5 PMP *sa(9)kay "catch a ride, ride on something" (ACD).
*1 Cf. PPN *sake.3 "move upwards"

Pollex entries:

Language Reflex Description Source
Anuta Ake Direction up (Fbg)
East Futuna Ake Up, upwards (Mfr)
East Uvea Ake En haut (Rch)
Emae Ake Upwards (Cpl)
Fijian Cake Up, upwards; east (Cpl)
Hawaiian Aʔe Up, upwards (Pki)
Ifira-Mele Ake Up, upwards (Clk)
Kapingamarangi Aga Upwards from below (Lbr)
Luangiua Ae/aʔe Top (Hbn)
Luangiua Aʔe Upwards (Smd)
Manihiki-Rakahanga I mua ake Before (Krk)
Marquesas Ake, ʔaʔe. Aʔe (Mtu). Upwards. Marque un mouvement, une direction de bas en haut; en sus, en plus... Further (Mtu). (Dln)
Marquesas Aʔe De direction de bas en haut (Lch)
Moriori Ake Adverbial particle (Shd)
New Zealand Maori Ake Up, upwards (Wms)
Niuafoʔou Hake Up Borrowed (Dye)
Niuafoʔou Ake Up (Cct)
Niue Hake Up, upwards (Sph)
Nuguria Kake Hinauf Problematic (Ths)
Nukuoro Age Up (Crl)
Penrhyn Ake Towards speaker; away, beside, more (Sta)
Raʔivavae Aʔe Particle indicating a slight removal in space or time, a movement upwards from below, or somewhat more in the comparative degree (Stn)
Rarotongan Ake Up, upwards (Bse)
Rennellese Ake Direction upwards, inland, towards shore (Ebt)
Rotuman Seʔe Upwards (Cwd)
Saʔa Taʔe Up, upwards (Ivs)
Samoan Aʔe Up, upwards (Prt)
Sikaiana Ake Direction particle upwards (Sps)
Tahitian Aʔe Particule postposée (idée de non-coincidence, de décalage dans le temps ou dans l'espace) (Lmt)
Takuu Ake Post-verbal particle indicating lateral movement (Mle)
Tikopia Aake Directional particle, upwards (Fth)
Tokelau Ake Post-verbal directional particle; upwards, inland, away (in same direction as speaker) (Sma)
Tongan Hake Postposed particle, up, upwards (Cwd)
Tongan Gi-hage Upwards (Mar)
Tongan Hage Up (Mar)
Tuvalu Ake Upwards (Rby)
Vaeakau-Taumako Ake Postnuclear, mostly clitic, directional particle indicating direction upwards, towards land, up on shore or expressing respect (Hvn)
West Futuna Ake Up, upwards (Dty)
West Uvea Age Post-verbal marker of non-durative or short-lived action (Hmn)
West Uvea Age/fogi A bientot; morphème postverbale marquant le futur (Leverd 1916) (Hmn)

40 entries found

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