Protoform: ATU [OC] Postposed particle indicating direction away from speaker

Description: Postposed particle indicating direction away from speaker
Reconstruction: Reconstructs to OC: Oceanic

*3 PEO *(w)atu "away, hence" (Ply. 1972).
*4 POC *watu "(go) towards addressee" (LPO II:275).
*5 PMP *atu "away from speaker" (ACD).

Pollex entries:

Language Reflex Description Source
Anuta Atu Particle of direction away from speaker (Fbg)
Bugotu Atu Go away, go forth (Ivs)
East Futuna Atu Away from speaker (Mfr)
Easter Island Atu Towards there (Fts)
Emae Atu Movement towards addressee (Cpl)
Hawaiian Aku Away from speaker (Pki)
Kapingamarangi Adu Toward the listener (Lbr)
Kapingamarangi (W)atu Away from the speaker, away, there (Ebt)
Luangiua Aku Direction away from speaker (Smd)
Mangareva Atu Particule de direction: vers une autre personne, un autre endroit; donner à quelqu'un (Rch)
Manihiki-Rakahanga Atu Directional (Krk)
Marquesas Atu Eloignement de la personne qui parle ou de la chose qui agit. Thither (Mtu). (Dln)
Moriori Etu Directional particle (Shd)
New Zealand Maori Atu Postposed particle indicating direction away from speaker; a comparative marker (Bgs)
Niuafoʔou Atu Away from speaker (Dye)
Niue Atu Away from speaker towards hearer, towards a third person when neither speaker nor hearer involved; a comparative marker (Sph)
Nukuoro Adu Toward hearer (Crl)
Penrhyn Atu Particle marking direction away from speaker; away, thither (Sta)
Pukapuka Atu Away from speaker (Mta)
Raʔivavae Atu Particle of removal from the speaker: thither.... (Stn)
Rarotongan Atu Away from speaker (Bse)
Rennellese Atu Distance away from speaker and addressee (Ebt)
Roviana Atu Expletive implying movement away of speaker or those addressed (Whe) (Whe)
Samoan Atu Away from speaker (Prt)
Sikaiana Atu Particle of direction away from speaker (Dnr)
Tahitian Atu Particule verbale postposée: (sens général) éloignement par rapport à celui qui parle... (Lmt)
Tahitian Adu. Atu. From, beside, more... [postverbal] (Dvs)
Takuu Atu Post-verbal particle indicating movement away from the speaker, extension or increase in the property denoted by the verb (Mle)
Tikopia Atu Away from speaker (Fth)
Tokelau Atu Direction from speaker to hearer (Sma)
Tongan Atu Away from speaker (Cwd)
Tongan Atoo To give; towards (with second person) (Mar)
Tuamotu Atu Away from speaker (Stn)
Vaeakau-Taumako Atu Towards you (postnuclear, mostly clitic, directional particle indicating relationship to or movement towards the person spoken to) (Hvn)
Waya (Y)ati Postverbal particle: indicates actual or figurative movement away from a starting point and towards a goal (either the addressee or a distant goal) (Ply)
West Futuna Atu Indicates that action is directed at addressee (Dty)
West Futuna K/atu Suffix denoting motion towards person addressed (Cpl)
West Uvea Adu Postposed particle marking movement on or from a given place or time (Hmn)

38 entries found

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